CHARLES PEARSON CAMPAIGNS FOR THE LONDON UNDERGROUND

Did anyone in 1852 really think that London could build an underground rail system, transporting 1,265billion passengers annually across 405km of track. If it wasn’t for Charles Pearson’s vision and his campaigning for the City of London, the now globally recognisable ‘tube’ map could look very different.

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ELLIS S. CHESBROUGH RAISES CHICAGO OFF THE GROUND

During the 19th century, the elevation of the Chicago area was not much higher than the shorelines of Lake Michigan. Due to the presence of water throughout the city, epidemics blighted Chicago six years in a row culminating in the 1854 outbreak of cholera that killed six percent of the city’s population.

The crisis forced the city’s engineers and aldermen to take the drainage problem seriously and after many heated discussions a solution eventually materialized. In 1856, engineer Ellis S. Chesbrough drafted a plan for the installation of a city-wide sewerage system and submitted it to the Common Council, which adopted the plan. Chicago’s future was reliant up on his innovation.

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